BIO 346 Human Biology (K. Kalthoff)

References to Topic 5: Habitual Bipedalism and Hand Precision Grip

Easy Readings

Lovejoy C.O. (1988) Evolution of Human Walking. Scientific American. Nov. 1988: 118-125.
Napier, J. (1967) The antiquity of human walking. Scient. Amer. 216(4): 56-66

Intermediate Readings

Bramble D.M. and Lieberman D.E. (2004) Endurance running and the evolution of Homo. Nature 432: 345-352

Advanced Readings

Bennett M.R. et al. (2009) Early hominin foot morphology based 1.5-million-year-old footprints from Ileret, Kenya. Science 323: 1197
Clarke R.C. and Tobias P.V. (1995) Sterkfontein member 2 foot bones of the oldest South African hominid. Science 269: 521-524
Kivell T.L. et al. (2011) Australopithecus sediba hand demonstrates mosaic evolution of locomotor and manipulative abilities. Science 333: 1411-1417
Sussman R. (1994) Fossil evidence for early hominid tool use. Science 265: 1570-1573
Thorpe S.K.S., Holder R.L., and Crompton R.H. (2007) Origin of human bipedalism as an adaptation for locomotion on flexible branches. Science 316: 1328-1331

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